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IELTS Writing Task 1: General to specific
时间:2016-06-17 02:23:49   来源:澳新英语学校   点击:188次   责任编辑:澳新英语学校
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    题型/参考:

    If you read any of my example essays, you will see that I always write 4 paragraphs, and I use a "general to specific" essay structure.
    你读任何一篇我的范文,会发现我总是写四段,用的是“概括到具体”的结构。

    The introduction is the most general part of the essay; it tells the reader what the chart is about.
    开头是文章中最概括的部分,他告诉读者表格是关于什么的。

    Then I write a paragraph about the main points or the most general points.
    接着写一段关于主要的要点或笼统的点。

    Finally, I write 2 paragraphs describing specific facts or figures.
    最后两段具体的事实或数字。

    I don't write a conclusion because I have already summarised the information in paragraph 2.
    我不写结论我已经在第二段总结了信息。

    One reason I put the summary near the beginning (rather than at the end) is because I think it's easier to describe general things first, then specific things later.
    我让概述紧挨着开头(而不是结尾)的一个原因是先说笼统再说具体的的东西比较容易

    答疑:

    问1:Please, I would like to know one issue about Diagram process writing task 1.
Should we use the exact given words on the picture that they give us, or the opposite is true we shuld avoid using these words and use similar words instead where appropriate. For example the given word is "delivery", so I don't write anything related to word delivery and write "send to" instead.
    我们应该使用表格中所给出我们的词吗?还是我们应该避免用原词而找意思相近的词来代替。比如给出的词是“Delivery”,所以我不用跟Delivery有关的任何词而用Send to来代替。

    答1:Good question! My answer is: do both things. Sometimes it's good to use the same words, but it shows good language knowledge if you are able to make some changes. Only change the word if you are confident that your new word has the same meaning. Also, don't forget that you can make small changes like "delivery = are delivered".
    我的回答是:两者兼顾。有的时候用原词好,不过如果你能做些变化表现出你良好的语言功底。只有确保你的新词和原词意思一致你才能换。别忘了你还可以做这些变化如:delivery = are delivered。

    问2:I am scheduled to take the IELTS exam, but I am not exactly sure what to prepare for the writing task 1 . I have seen even examples of letters so far, which is kind of weird. As far as I know, the writing task 1 consists only of diagrams, which can only make me think of reports. Maybe this question seems a bit stupid, considering the fact that the exam is getting closer and closer, but I just do not know what to think anymore. So, is it possible to get a letter or so, instead of a report? It would be much appreciated if you found the time to asnwer my question!
    我准备去考雅思但是不知道写作一要准备什么,目前我还没看到书信的例子,据我所知,写作一都是图表题我能想到的只有Report,这个问题可能有点蠢,但考虑到考试越来越近,我不知道该怎么办
所以能不能用书信代替报告。

    答2:It depends whether you are doing the academic test or the general test: Academic = graphs and charts, General = letters.
    这取决于你参加的是学术考试还是综合考试:学术=图标,综合=书信。

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