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Correct the mistakes
时间:2016-07-18 03:59:28   来源:澳新英语学校   点击:255次   责任编辑:澳新英语学校
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    IELTS Grammar: correct the mistakes
    雅思【语法】的辅导:纠正错误

    题型/参考:


    The sentences below contain some common mistakes. Try to correct them.
    下面的句子包含一些常见的错误。尝试纠正他们。

    The number of holidays abroad was dramatically increased in 2005.
    在国外度假的人数在2005大幅增加了。

    The figure was raised again in 2006, but it reduced in 2007.
    这一数字在2006又增加了,但在2007减少了。

    In 2008, the number of foreign holidays was reduced to its lowest point.
    在2008,出国假期的数目减少到它的最低点。

    What grammar point can we learn by correcting these 3 sentences?
    我们可以通过纠正这3个句子能学习到哪些语法点?

    答疑:

    问1:The common mistake in all sentences is the use of Passive Voice instead of Active Voice. I would write them down as follows:
    所有句子的共同错误是使用被动语态,而不是主动语态。正确的句子我会如下这么写:

    1、The number of holidays abroad increased dramatically in 2005.
    出国度假的人数在2005大幅增加了。

    2、The figure rose again in 2006, it was followed by a fall (in numbers of holidays)in 2007.
    这一数字在2006,但在2007年遭遇了下降(假期的数量)。

    3、In 2008 the number of foreign holidays fell/plummeted to its lowest ever.
    在2008年出国假期的数量下降到了最低水平。

    By the way, I want to say that your site is exceptionally helpful. I am going to sit my exam on the 16th, next Saturday.My biggest concern is my writting. I rush things up and as a result I have to re-write some sentences couple of times.Do You think I should try to write a quick draft first? Will I be marked down for not being neat writer?
    顺便说一句,我想说的是,你的网站是非常有帮助的。我要在十六号去考一次,我下星期六的考试,我最担心的是我的写作。我有点着急,结果我不得不几次重新写几句话。你认为我应该首先快速尝试写一个草案吗?我会因为字迹不整洁而扣分吗?

    答1:I think the solution is to spend more time planning or drafting - maybe 10 minutes. Don't worry about neat writing - if the examiner can read it, it's fine.
    我认为解决方案是花更多的时间计划或者起草-也许10分钟。不要担心整洁的写作-如果考官能读懂就没问题。
 
    问2:1、The number of holidays abroad was increased dramatically in 2005.
    在国外度假的人数在2005大幅增加了。

    2、The figure rose again in 2006 but reduced in 2007.
    图中的数字在2006又上升了,但在2007减少了。

    3、In 2008, the number of foreign holidays declined to its lowest point. Note: Regarding[3]: Can we say ; In 2008, the number of foreign holidays declined to THE lowest point.
    在2008年出国假期的数量下降到它的最低点。注:关于3,我们可以说,“在2008年外国假期的数量下降到最低点。我们把its替换成the,为什么?为什么不呢?
 
    This unpleasant incident annoyed me because I came about a similar situation in one of the centres in the UK but the invigilator was very sensible, level-headed and very careful. Every thing was sorted out after I had finished my whole test. I forgot to bring the passport because when I left home because I took the other jacket, not the jacket with the passport. However, I still had to bring it to the centre in the same day of the test. if I did not bring it back, my performance in the test would not be authorised and processed.
    这件不愉快的事情让我有点生气,因为我在在英国的一个中心遭遇到类似的情况,但监考老师是非常明智的,冷静的,非常小心。在我完成了我的整个测试之后,一切都整理了出来。我忘了带护照,因为我离开家的时候我拿了另一件夹克,而不是带着护照的夹克。不过,我在同一天的测试还是要把它带到中心。如果我没有把它带回来,我在测试中的表现不会被授权和处理。

    答2:You can put 'to the lowest point', but 'to it's lowest point' seems to make a stronger connection with the 'number of foreign holidays'.
    你可以写'到最低点',但'到它的最低点'似乎与'出国期'的数量有更强的联系。
 
    问3:I'm not worried about reading or listening since in my practice tests I got about 38 out of 40 on both of them. Do you have any hints on specific kinds of "complex grammatical structures" that might help me go the extra "band"?
    我不担心读或听,因为在我的实践测试中,听读40个题我都对了差不多38个。你是否有任何特定类型的“复杂的语法结构” 的提示,这可能会帮助我拿到额外的“分数段”?

    答3:It's not really a matter of trying to use complex structures - this can seem forced, and native speakers don't write like that.
    这并不真的是一个试图使用复杂结构的问题-这似乎是被迫的,而母语的人不会写这样的。

    When a native speaker writes an essay, he/she thinks about answering the question by expressing relevant ideas in a clear, organised way. This means that "vocabulary ideas" should be your priority.
    当一个本地人写一篇文章,他/她想用一个明确的,有组织的方式表达相关的想法来回答这个问题。这意味着“词汇的想法”应该是你的首要问题。

    In terms of grammar, it's more a case of avoiding mistakes than using complex structures. If you want a band 9, use a mix of short and long sentences, and try not to make any grammar mistakes.
    在语法方面,避免更多的错误比使用复杂结构更重要。如果你想要达到9,用一个简短的和长的句子组合,并尽量不犯任何语法错误。

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