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经济萎缩的北美哪些行业正在瘦身,哪些行业相当稳定
时间:2016-04-05 03:30:33   来源:澳新英语学校   点击:507次   责任编辑:澳新英语学校
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    If a Canadian recession hits, who's most at risk of losing their job?
    如果加拿大经济衰退来袭,谁最可能失去他们的工作?

    Resource industry most likely to slim down, while education, healthcare sectors more stable.
    资源行业最容易瘦身,而教育、医疗行业相对更稳定。
   
    With a Canadian recession potentially looming, money columnist Rubina Ahmed-Haq explains which industries are likely to be hit hardest, and what you can do to protect your job.

    Is Canada in a recession? So far, the messages are mixed. But there's little doubt the economy is slowing down, and many people are wondering about their job security.

    Money columnist Rubina Ahmed-Haq shares her insights on which jobs might be at greater risk and what you can do about it.

    Jobs at greatest risk

    The industries most likely to slim down during an economic downturn are the resource, manufacturing and construction sectors, Ahmed-Haq said.

    "Oil, gas, mining and even construction are cyclical industries where jobs can come and go," she said.

    Employment in the banking industry also mimics economic growth cycles. When the economy slows down, banks make less money from transaction fees and they tend to compensate by laying off junior staff, including financial advisers, investment bankers and analysts, she said.

    As moms and dads lose their jobs, day care workers and nannies may also find their services no longer needed.

    Finally, consumers cut back on luxury goods purchases. "When times are tough we give up the extras until we feel more comfortable," Ahmed-Haq said.

    Jobs that offer greater security

    "There is no such thing as the perfect recession-proof job," said Ahmed-Haq. However, some offer more stability than others.

    According to HR World, a leading resource and community for HR professionals, healthcare, education and public sector jobs are typically insulated from economic fluctuations.

    Funeral directors, casino workers and those in the military can also be more confident about their job status.

    But Ahmed-Haq says this job-specific approach is too narrow.  

    "It's smarter to think about recession-proof industries, rather than recession proof jobs," she said.

    For example, if you're a janitor by trade, you might look for a job at a high school or a teaching centre, since research shows the education sector is less vulnerable to job fluctuations.  

    The best thing you can do to protect your job

    It's not necessarily about making the leap to a more secure industry, Ahmed-Haq said.

    Her best advice is to try as hard as you can to keep the job you have.

    "Make yourself indispensable in that career that you're already doing."

    She recommends taking training courses to update your skills.

    加拿大是否已经进入了经济衰退期,目前还存在不小的争议。但是加拿大经济的增长速度正在减缓是毋庸置疑的事实。越来越多的人都在担心自己会不会在此次经济衰退期失业。

    财富专栏作家Rubina Ahmed-Haq对在经济危机中哪些工作会首当其冲受到冲击,哪些工作仍会很安全,发表了自己的观点。

    Rubina Ahmed-Haq is an experienced financial journalist who shares money management lessons on CBC's On the Coast every Wednesday afternoon

    受到冲击最大的行业

    在此次经济衰退过程中,无疑资源、制造以及建筑三大行业会受到极大的冲击。原油、天然气、采矿以及建筑业都是周期性行业,就业也会随着经济周期而出现时好时坏。

    此外,银行业的就业状况也与经济周期紧密相关。在经济下滑时期,银行的交易会减少,收入自然也会减少。此时,银行业往往会裁掉初级员工,包括金融顾问、投资顾问以及分析师。

    当越来越多的父母处于失业之中,日托所工作人员和保姆也会损失不少的顾客。

    与此同时,消费者也会首先减少奢侈品的消费。所以奢侈品行业也会出现裁员。

    最具安全性的行业

    Rubina强调说:“世界上没有完全安全、不会失业的职业。”但是一些职业在经济陷入衰退时确实要比其他职业更为的安全。

    根据HR World(一个专为人力资源专业人士提供资源和社区)的资讯,医疗保健行业、教育行业以及公共部门的工作受到经济下滑的影响往往较小。

    葬礼承办人、赌场工作人员以及军队人员也几乎不用担心他们会因为经济衰退而被裁退。

    Rubina指出,事实上在考虑到职业安全性时,更多的应该考虑的是行业的安全性,而非哪个具体职业的安全性。

    除此之外,在经济危机时期保住自己工作的终极办法其实是:在平时就“让自己成为正在做的工作中不可或缺的人”,同时不断更新自己的技能。
 
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